Explosion Speyer

Explosion Speyer Schwerverletzter (32) nach Explosion in Speyer!

Akzeptieren! Diese Website verwendet Cookies, um Ihnen den bestmöglichen Service zu gewährleisten. Wenn Sie unsere Website weiter nutzen, stimmen Sie​. Speyer. Die Polizei Speyer sucht Zeugen zu einer Verkehrsunfallflucht vom Sonntagabend. Ein dunkler Audi bog gegen Uhr aus der Prinz-Luitpold-​Straße. Ein lauter Knall schreckt die Menschen in der Region Speyer am frühen Lastwagen zu löschen, als sie von der Explosion überrascht wurden. Wissen was in Speyer & Umgebung los ist! Polizei, Zoll, Krankenwageneinsätze von heute direkt zum nachlesen. Ludwigshafen/Speyer. Nach der Explosion im Vorgarten eines Speyerer Mehrfamilienhauses sind die Hintergründe weiter unklar. Zwar gebe.

Explosion Speyer

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Explosion Speyer - Meistgelesene Beiträge

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Postal Service's ongoing operations when this tragic incident occurred," a spokesperson for Tishman Speyer said in a statement.

New York State's shutdown order passed by Gov. Andrew Cuomo limits ongoing construction work to "essential" projects and emergency projects being done to fix unsafe conditions.

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Gasthaus zum Domnapf. Springers Kaffeemanufaktur. The emperor sent arbitrators to Speyer and succeeded in having the bills of several years presented before witnesses from other cities.

Wine units and wine tax were also a bone of contention. The committee wanted the wine sold by the clergy subject to taxation.

It also wanted higher tax rates for the rich. The council refused, fearing that the rich would then leave town, but made minor allowances.

Again, the emperor sent arbitrators. The true reasons for the revolt more and more came to the fore. The city had suffered losses of around , guilders because the council passively acquiesced to the verdict of Conrad.

Within 30 years, the clergy in Speyer had accumulated additional assets to the value of 60, guilders. Among other things, the committee accused the council of evasion, embezzlement and mismanagement as well as the expensive feud with Herr von Heydeck.

It summed up its complaints in 39 items to be decided upon by the emperor. Council offices, e. The previous larger wine unit was to be reintroduced, tax on wine and flour was to be halved for one year and the rich were to pay double tax either for wine or for property.

The council rejected all accusations referring to the community's duty of good faith and duty to obey. The arbitrations were in vain. Tensions in the city remained high but there was no more violence.

On September 30, the emperor's decision on the 39 items of the complaint was passed to the citizenry; the major demands were refused.

There were noticeable changes in the city constitution but the attempt to change the oligarchic regime failed. The differences in the city remained under the surface and the committee stayed in place.

A revolt by the weavers on December 21, , was unable to change anything. At the request of the council, on April 8, , the guilds expressed their confidence.

In the meantime, the council continued its efforts to moderate the verdict of Conrad. Negotiations wore on through On December 19, , after several attempts, a settlement was found in which some concessions to the city were made.

In the Rhine region was gripped by a peasants' revolt part of the German Peasants' War that hit the bishopric of Speyer on April The revolt was mainly directed against church possessions and the peasants turned against tithe, interest and lease payments.

The influence of Lutheran teachings on the revolt is visible. The peasants had in mind to lay siege to the city and to force the clerics within to accept the Reformation.

They expected the support of the citizens which were to remain unmolested. The peasants' discontent had also spread to the citizens.

In assemblies they demanded the verdict of Conrad to be abolished. At their insistence the council presented 8 demands to the four endowments of the city.

Should they not be accepted, the endowments would be attacked and the cathedral destroyed. In the face of these threats, the clerics accepted the 8 demands on April 25 and on April 28 they swore the oath of the citizens ceding all previous special rights.

The clergy submitted to the general taxes and duties and even adopted a share of the defense expenses of the city.

However, the council wanted to prevent the citizens from solidarity with the peasants. It took up negotiations with the peasants resulting in the treaty of Udenheim where the bishop of Speyer resided on May 5, The city made some concessions, it was spared and the peasants moved on.

This had immediate effects on Speyer as the clergy directly set about to have the enforced commitments revoked. On July 8, Speyer had to declare the contract with the clergy null and void and again accept the verdict of Conrad.

The only concession the clergy had to make was an annual payment of guilders for the city's losses. With this the most serious attempt by Speyer to disempower the clergy had failed.

But the city continued in its struggle for changes in its favour. On January 4, it managed to sign a new agreement with the clergy with some improvements for the city.

In the first half of the 16th century Speyer once again became the focus of German history. For one, this is expressed in the fact that of thirty Imperial Diets held in this century, five took place in Speyer.

In addition, Speyer hosted imperial delegation diets, e. Since Luther's posting of his 95 Theses and the Diet of Worms of creed, the Reformation and uprisings had become the dominating issues of domestic politics.

The upcoming humanistic ideas in the years prior to this did not pass Speyer without traces. In the decades around the turn of the century, there was an association of humanistic minded clerics of which the bishops Rammung and Helmstatt had already been members.

Helmstatt appointed Jakob Wimpfeling as cathedral preacher in Speyer. Wimpfeling's successor, Jodocus Gallus, also was a humanist. Another member of the association was cathedral provost George of Gemmingen.

The Speyer humanists were centred around the house of the provost Thomas Truchsess of Wetzhausen, a pupil of Johann Reuchlin.

Another host was cathedral vicar Maternus Hatten who was in touch with renowned humanists of the empire. Erasmus of Rotterdam and Hermann von dem Busche associated with Hatten and met him in Speyer in Erasmus came to Speyer four times.

Busch, in turn, was in touch with Martin Luther and Melanchthon. Hatten cultivated good relations with auxiliary Bishop Anton Engelbrecht, who held reformist views, which is why Bishop Georg disposed him and he had to flee to Strassburg in Hatten and Engelbrecht were instrumental when Martin Butzer had his monastic vows as a Dominican annulled in Butzer also was a guest of Hatten for a few months in on his flight to Strassburg from Heidelberg, where he was threatened by a heretics trial.

At the instigation of Hatten, a priest came to Speyer in who preached Lutheranism. Thus, openly professing to Luther's teachings, the cathedral chapter took legal proceedings in and discharged him.

Hatten also went to Strassburg. It is not clear whether this priest was the first one preaching Lutheranism in Speyer as there were other clerics during this time known for their Lutheran disposition: Werner of Goldberg who had to resign from his post in St.

Martin northern suburb of Speyer , Michael Diller, prior of the Augustine monastery and Anton Eberhard, prior of the Carmelite monastery.

Speyer print shops must have been involved in spreading Lutheran writings early on because in , Pope Hadrian VI called on the city council to forbear print and distribution of such writings.

At the imperial diets the city advocated for a general council synod and the cessation of abuse by the church.

At the cities' associations in Speyer and Ulm it spoke out against the church obstructing Lutheran practices.

At the Edict of Worms , it was generally considered impractical to execute and the city council did not adhere to it.

The atmosphere in Speyer must have been hostile enough that processions were not held in the usual manner anymore for fear of trouble or even ridicule as happened in The conclusion appears justified, that Lutheran ideas fell on fertile soil in most imperial cities such as Speyer not least because of their century old deep-rooted anticlerical sentiment.

By , Luther's teachings had gained a firm hold. With pressing religious questions and uprisings as a background, the Imperial Diet of convened in Speyer.

As always for the host town of a Diet, accommodation and provision for several thousand guests, the elector of Saxony alone travelling with guests and horses, were a challenge for the council, inhabitants and landlords.

On the other hand, such events provided a town with considerable earnings. In the previous diets, questions about faith had been amply discussed.

At the request of the emperor, official topics of the diet were religion and compliance with the Edict of Worms until a council, precautionary measures against further uprisings, defense measures against the Turks and sponsoring of the Imperial Regiment and the Imperial Chamber Court.

The diet began with a grand opening on June 25 with processions of princes and envoys to the cathedral and the ceremonious High Mass.

There already was a small Lutheran group but rigid barriers had not yet formed and intercourse remained polite. No one had a schism in mind.

The represented imperial cities also were mostly Lutheran. After two months of deliberation, the diet could not come to a clear decision and the pressing questions of religion remained unsolved.

The emperor opposed attempts at a national church reform. The ambiguous resolution that each estate basically should behave as it saw fit, favoured the expansion of Luther's doctrines.

The diet of did decide upon matters which happened to be of great importance for Speyer: the Imperial Regiment and the Imperial Chamber Court Reichskammergericht , next to the emperor the highest ranking representatives of state power, were both moved to Speyer the following year.

The emperor dissolved the regiment only a few years later in but the court was to remain in Speyer for years until For the city, this had manifold economical and political implications.

Apart from the high-ranking judges, many people involved with the court moved to Speyer: the court staff, the autonomous court chancellery with officers, subordinate officials and servants as well as free-lancers such as procurators and lawyers with their personnel.

In March , the Imperial Diet again met in Speyer see Diet of Speyer where the emperor wanted to mobilise the Imperial estates against the Reformation.

As in , Ferdinand acted for his brother, Emperor Charles V and the topics of the diet remained the same. Charles had abrogated the resolution on faith demanding a new resolution more to his taste.

The entourage of the Lutheran princes included familiar faces and new ones such as those of the reformers Philipp Melanchthon and Erhard Schnepf.

Ferdinand was accompanied by Johann Faber who ardently preached in the cathedral against Luther, promulgating that Turks were better than Lutherans.

The diet opened on March 15 and the meetings again took place in the Ratshof which had been expanded. The argument about religion, conscience and obedience divided the estates.

Already on March 22, a committee of 18 members resolved to rescind the Speyer recess of and reconfirm the Edict of Worms. In vain, on April 12, the Lutheran estates filed a complaint but the committee's resolution was also accepted in the main assembly.

They not only objected that the recess of could be annulled by majority vote but also argued that matters of religious faith could not be decided upon by majority vote at all.

The diet refused to accept the appeal which then was forwarded to the emperor. With this protestation by the Lutheran princes and cities against a resolution of the diet an incident of historical proportion emanated from Speyer: although firstly a legality, it sealed the schism of the Christian church and is considered the birth of Protestantism.

From this time on the adherents of the Reformation movement were called Protestants. On the very same day, the Electorate of Saxony, Hesse, Strassburg, Nuremberg and Ulm discussed a defensive alliance which should be joined by other reform-minded places.

Yet, the alliance failed due to the disunity among the Protestants Luther — Zwingli and for fear of adding fuel to the religious problems.

A consequential resolution of this diet in Speyer, with the support of the Lutherans, was the mandate on Anabaptists. There had been laws against Anabaptism in various regions but now it was punishable by death in the whole empire.

In spite of the emperor's irritation, Diller and Eberhard were able to preach in Speyer unchallenged and tacitly supported by the city.

More and more clerics abandoned their church and the new creed was preached in one church after the other. In the aftermath, the citizens of Speyer completely converted; by there were only 42 Catholics left in town.

This decision by the city was to continue to have an effect for a long time. In , during the reconstruction following the War of Succession, only Protestants were allowed to settle in the city.

Another decision taken in was the establishment of the Lutheran Council School Ratsschule as competition to the Catholic Cathedral school of the bishop.

Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. John, Elector of Saxony. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In a diet took place in Speyer from February 8 to April 11, again under the chairmanship of Ferdinand I.

The major topic still was the Turkish threat on the south-eastern borders, especially after the Ottomans had just taken Ofen today Budapest to the west of the Danube.

The imperial estates agreed to a tax, the Common Penny to finance the imperial army. The diet of Regensburg in had resolved to discontinue the imperial tribunals and the banning of the Lutherans.

Emboldened by this decision, the Protestants at the diet in Speyer demanded a completely renewed distribution of the posts for the totally Catholic Imperial Chamber Court excluding clerics and the acceptance of all imperial estates.

But none of these demands were accepted. The Diet of lasted from 20 February to 10 June. Concerning glamour, expenditures and appeal it surpassed all the previous diets in Speyer.

This time, Emperor Charles V took part himself. The Protestants were given an especially pompous entry into the city and Charles V could barely prevent Protestant sermons in the churches.

At the request of Charles V, topics of the diet were to be effective aid against the Turks, the support of the imperial actions against France which was allied with Turkey and, again, matters of faith.

The emperor was inclined to compromises as he also sought the support of the Protestants for his policies. The Protestants were not successful in getting the Edict of Worms revoked but the recess of Augsburg was suspended.

There was no unity for funding of the imperial chamber court. As a result, the court was dissolved and it was only able to continue its work with an emergency staff at the request of the emperor.

The diet also decided upon the appropriation of secularised church assets such as churches, schools, poor houses or hospitals and held out the prospect of a national council which was to be discussed at another diet in autumn.

The aid against the Turks was supported. In the Treaty of Speyer the diet also settled a quarrel in the Baltic reflecting the decline of the Hanseatic League.

At the insistence of the Dutch representatives Charles V renounced his claim to the crown of the Denmark. Therefore, the Dutch were granted access to the Baltic.

The charter was possibly induced by increasing restrictions and assaults on the Jews fuelled by the well-known antisemitic writings of Luther in The last diet in Speyer assembled in under the reign of Maximilian II and already in full light of the Counter-Reformation instituted by the Council of Trent , which had finally taken place from to and was attended by the Speyer Bishop Marquard of Hattstein.

A Jesuit school with three classes was opened in May In the following year, the Jesuits opened a chapter by the cathedral with a Latin school which, by , counted students.

The city council was concerned about religious peace in the city and vehemently opposed the Jesuits, but to no avail. Therefore, the council decreed that Catholic students were not to be given room and board.

Apart from this addition in Speyer, at the time of the diet the monasteries were in a pathetic state. The Monastery of the Holy Sepulchre was confiscated in by the count of Württemberg because the prior and convent had opted for the new creed.

The council refused to return the church to the Dominicans. Their prior was arrested and excommunicated in for sodomy. The Franciscans had only one monk left and the buildings deteriorated.

The church of the Augustinians was used by both confessions on the basis of a simultaneum contract. The women's monasteries were destitute and had become of no relevance to life in the city.

The diet of was the most splendid and the longest ever held in the west of the empire, far surpassing the assemblies of and Although, again, there were many princes, this diet started a trend to send delegates.

At the same time, Speyer hosted an assembly of the cities. When Maximilian II entered the city, more than people were counted in his entourage, including Empress Maria, the daughters Anne, Elisabeth, Eleonore, Margaret, the sons Maximilian, Mathew, Albert, Wenzel, 6 personal physicians, 27 falconers and hunters, a tamer, a guard for leopards, 2 paper hangers, 40 bakers, 15 craftsmen, an organ maker, 21 trumpeters and kettle-drummers, a band-master with 12 bassists, a Kammersänger bass , 9 tenors, 13 alto singers, 7 discant players and about 16 choir boys.

With a population of around 8,, this event was a heavy burden on Speyer bringing with it advantages and disadvantages.

In preparation of the meeting, the council had several streets paved and temporary wooden huts built including a stable for the emperor's elephant, the first ever to come to Speyer.

Compared to , when the better-built houses in Speyer fit for guests numbered , this time there were The assembly was opened on 13 July with Mass in the cathedral and dragged on for over 8 months.

Major topics were a comprehensive imperial reform, further contributions against the Turks, rules for mercenaries on foot and on horse, new rules for the Reichskammergericht and rules for the imperial chancellery.

Religion was no issue. There was absolutely no progress on the imperial reform. One of the decisions made was that printing presses would be allowed only in imperial or capital cities and universities.

The diet took place in a time of economic crisis and famine which also affected Speyer. Bad weather caused crop failures and the heavy rains obstructed the journeys of the diet participants.

The winter months from to were so cold that the Rhine froze and death rates escalated. In , St. Giles Church was left to the Calvinists.

Thus, the second big branch of the Reformation took hold in Speyer. The decision to move the Reichskammergericht to Speyer in , where it remained for years, ended a time of constant moves.

The building of the court stood in the vicinity of the cathedral at the site of the modern day restaurant Domhof.

As an institution of the empire it was a stronghold of Catholicism in Germany at least until After it was almost dissolved in due to unsettled funding there were no court decisions until At the diet of in Augsburg the last Protestant procurator was dismissed and the court was renewed along Catholic lines.

Despite increases in staff, in , there were still more than 5, unsettled court cases which lead to the saying "Lites Spirae spirant, non exspirant".

In these decades, the court was mainly concerned with religious matters. As the staff was purely Catholic, the verdicts were markedly partisan which aggravated the religious tensions in the empire and so contributed to the formation of the Schmalkaldic League , a defensive alliance of Lutheran princes.

This was not without repercussions for Speyer. Sympathies for the new creed could not be expressed with the same ardour as in other imperial cities.

In the Augsburg Settlement of , it was agreed that the court would be staffed equally with Catholics and Protestants.

Nevertheless, implementation took until Clerics made up about the same proportion. On one hand, these two groups had a considerable influence on city life, on the other, they were both exempt from city taxes leading to many complaints of the city before the emperor in the 16th and 17th century.

The emperor usually decided in favour of the court. In the Reichskammergericht was made up of men including 44 accredited advocates.

In addition, there were trainees, solicitors and aggrieved parties. The court's presence seems to have had a positive influence in another aspect.

In Speyer, remarkably, only one woman accused of witchcraft was put to the stake. In an account from it says "Barbara, Hans Kölers burgers weib, eine zauberin, ist den Januarij verbrendt wordenn" Barbara, the wife of citizen Hans Köler, a witch, was burnt on 25 January.

The court constantly had to deal with witch trials and mostly decided in favour of the accused. For obvious reasons it was seen as an appellate court.

Apart from an event in , the years from to remained comparably peaceful. Yet, Speyer was not spared from other kinds of misfortune.

There were repeated epidemics of the plague , e. The Schmalkaldic War in had no direct effects.

Speyer benefited from the official introduction of the Reformation in the Palatinate by Frederick II as of April In , the Protestant margrave Albert Alcibiades of Brandenburg, on a raiding tour of church possessions, did not spare the bishopric of Speyer.

The city put up no resistance and opened its gates. The soldiers plundered the church estates and demanded ransom from Bishop Rudolf von und zu Frankenstein who was at his palace in Udenheim.

Because of the bishop's unexpected death and the resulting delay in the negotiations the margrave continued his raids from 19 to 23 August, not only affecting the church but also the city.

At least it was later able to retrieve some of the important documents and books. Within the walls of Speyer there was a constant quarrel between the Protestant citizens and the Catholic clergy with mutual accusations, jibes, defamations and interferences.

The privileges of the church, based on the mediation settlement of , were still valid. Clerics and the still mainly Catholic Reichskammergericht were seen as a foreign body in the city.

After siding with the Protestants, the 17th century in Speyer was distinguished by its alliance with the Protestant Union and by the influence of the Catholic League personified by the Bishop of Speyer.

Around , the balances found in the compromise of at Peace of Augsburg was in crisis. The increasing success of the Counter-Reformation in turn caused a backlash by the Protestants for which the Palatinate became a leading force.

The decades of adhesion in the empire, largely due to the wars against the Turks, fell away after the cease fire agreement of In , the decided Catholic Eberhard von Dienheim became bishop of Speyer.

The Protestants had been thinking about filling the post with a Protestant prince and even considered the secularisation of the Speyer prince-bishopric.

A visitation of the prince-bishopric in found that the life-style and sense of duty among the clerics left much to be desired.

As a result, the Jesuits were asked to intensify their efforts. In , the Speyer Catholic Hymnbook was introduced and in the bishop had Capuchins settle in the bishopric.

The bishop lived well beyond his means and by the bishopric had accumulated a debt of , guilders. The differences between city and bishop remained continued unabatedly.

Speyer joined the Protestant Union in and maintained close relations with other imperial cities in southern Germany with mounting tensions between the Catholic League and the Union.

In , Bishop Philipp Christoph von Sötern began construction of the new episcopal palace in Speyer.

Under protest of Speyer he also started the expansion of his main residence in Udenheim into a fortress. As of , Udenheim was renamed Philippsburg.

The League regarded this fortress as counterbalance against the Palatine fortress in Mannheim. On 20 July , the city council decreed the construction of a Protestant consistory.

In , a school for Catholic girls was set up from which emerged the school of the St. Magdalen's Monastery which still exists today. The book became very popular because it also shed light on the history of the empire and in the following centuries it was reprinted 4 times.

In , Speyer participated in dismantling the bishop's fortress in Udenheim along with an army of Palatine and Baden but construction was soon taken up again.

Membership in the Protestant Union, obligations to the empire which sided with the Catholics, ties with surrounding territories that actively fought for the Union or the League, cost the city dearly.

On the one side, Speyer was constantly drawn upon for war expenses, on the other, trade and commerce was impaired by the hostilities which led to widespread indebtedness and poverty.

Speyer could less and less afford to pay for its defence and, like many other imperial cities, saw itself forced to take a neutral stance.

Therefore, in , Speyer left the Protestant Union. Neutrality in the face of the empire was a novelty and especially the emperor insisted on the allegiance the imperial cities owed him.

For Protestant cities like Speyer this resulted in a constant balancing act between the Union and the League.

Within its walls, the Lutheran magistrate of Speyer had to get along with the bishop, four endowments and a Catholic minority.

Neighbouring and allied Palatine had become Calvinist. Speyer's participation in sacking the Udenheim fortress was to cost it dearly.

The bishop sued for damages and 10 years after the war started was awarded , guilders. After the Protestant Union disintegrated and at the culmination of his power in , the emperor passed the Edict of Restitution according to which the religious and territorial situations reached before were to be restored.

Since no Catholic territories had been secularised in the area of Speyer this had little effect for the city. Although it was a walled city, in the range of the often embattled fortresses of Frankenthal , Friedrichsburg , Philippsburg and Landau , Speyer was hardly able to defend itself.

Thus, the town took on the roles of refuge, military hospital, supply post and troop camp. The Spanish, allies of the League, occupied the Palatinate.

Philippsburg became a staging point for military operations by the League. Speyer had to endure troops marching through, quarterings and taxations and had to accommodate wounded and refugees.

In addition, from to , it was occupied by Swedish, Imperial , French and again Imperial troops in quick succession.

In , once more the Imperial Army occupied the city and finally the French until Every time the city was forced to make payments and supply goods.

Yet, Speyer was very lucky to survive the Thirty Years' War almost without destruction; nearby Mannheim had been totally destroyed.

But the number of inhabitants had declined considerably and the suburb of St. Marcus was abandoned. This was partially made up by refugees that settled in Speyer.

According to the peace settlement of the empire had to pay Sweden an indemnity amount of 5 million in gold Swedish Satisfaction , of which 37, guilders fell upon Speyer.

The imperial cities were still required to pay a levy to the empire called Roman Month of which Speyer had to pay 25, partially by force. The Spaniards demanded , imperial Talers before they retreated from the fortress of Frankenthal.

This sum also had to be paid in part by the imperial cities and Speyer was constantly negotiating for loans or reduction settlements.

Speyer was not alone with its financial problems; the whole empire was affected. The modalities of the debts were defined in in the recess of the diet at Regensburg but trials and negotiations because of the indebted cities dragged on into the '70s.

Matters for Speyer got more complicated when it lost its staple right along the Rhine at the instigation of the Palatinate.

In the years following the peace treaty, disputes between city, bishop and clerics continued as before. The bishop of Speyer still had his residence not in town but in Philippsburg Udenheim ; the city was still anxious to prevent rule by a bishop and obstructed the activities of the bishop's functionaries in any way possible.

In , a big quarrel ensued about the use of a road across the Rheinhausen meadow to the Rhine ferry, a connection important to the Bishop Lothar Friedrich von Metternich-Burscheid.

Both parties repeatedly brought forward grievances and complaints. In , Mayor Johann Mühlberger was accused of plotting to surrender the city to the bishop and deposed for treason.

In the meantime, the European balance of power had shifted in favour of France which gained pre-eminence.

It set an aggressive territorial expansion in motion with a new phase of wars. Preparations became visible when the fortress of Philippsburg, in French hands, was enforced.

In , Landau was annexed by France and fortified; the French annexed the Duchy of Lorraine in and Strassburg in In negotiations with the French, the city managed to remain neutral.

The Palatinate could not accept Speyer's neutrality; it occupied nearby Dudenhofen in , the watch towers of the landwehr and the suburb of Hasenpfuhl, thus putting pressure on the city.

In the same year, an imperial army recaptured Philippsburg. In , Speyer again had to pay contributions to the empire because of a renewed threat in the southeast by the Turks this time supported by the French.

The Turkish threat enabled the French to expand their borders towards the Rhine without any resistance by the empire.

One of the first hostilities was the capture of the fortresses of Philippsburg in October and of Mainz.

Having to retreat after initial successes, at the orders of war minister Louvois and his closest confidant Chamlay, the French armies systematically laid waste to abandoned areas.

Settlements in the Pfalz region and northern Baden were especially hard hit. The city of Speyer was to meet the same fate.

In early , on their way from the fortress of Landau, French troops under General Joseph de Montclar appeared at the gates which were opened in the hope of being spared.

After the French took the city over, they established headquarters in the Carmelite monastery. Two days after they inspected the city's fortifications, Montclar ordered them to be demolished on 30 January.

Large sections of the city wall and most of the towers had to be broken down. Some of the gates were even blown up. The French also had in mind to blow up the Altpörtel gate.

Preparations were stopped after the Carmelites convinced the general that the explosion would endanger the dilapidated monastery.

On 23 May, General Duras ordered the city to be evacuated within one week. He let the people believe that the city would not be put to the torch.

Four days later, Montclar announced to the bishop that he had received orders to burn the whole city except the cathedral. Not so happy about this order, the French generals supplied the citizens with carts to move their belongings.

Whatever was left they were allowed to store in the cathedral. The cathedral chapter had the cathedral treasure brought to safety in Mainz.

The French did not want the people to flee across the Rhine and offered them resettlement areas in Alsace and Lorraine including free building lots, 10 years no tax and support for transportation.

As in Heidelberg and Mannheim, only few accepted this offer. Those who didn't make it across the river fled into the forest hoping that Speyer would be spared.

From the French they had heard that German troops were close. Yet, their hope was in vain. On Pentecost Tuesday, 31 May, the French moved to a field camp on Germansberg and in the afternoon set fire to the city starting simultaneously at Weidenberg and Stuhlbrudergasse.

The fire was so intense that the cathedral was in danger even though it had been deemed safe. The bishop's vicegerent, Heinrich Hartard von Rollingen, had the most precious graves brought into the deanery.

On the night of 1 and 2 June, a thunderstorm whipped up the flames and the bell tower caught fire.

The fire was extinguished three times, yet the cathedral again started burning. When, at last, the poorly accessible eastern dome caught fire, the cathedral could not be saved.

In addition, drunken soldiers were caught in the cathedral playing with fire. In the ensuing chaos, some soldiers managed to break into the upper imperial graves only to be driven out by the fire.

After the fire had burned down the whole extent of the damage became visible. The city was almost totally destroyed. Only the Gilgenvorstadt suburb , the St.

Klara Monastery in Altspeyer suburb , the mikwe, the Altpörtel and a few other buildings remained intact; the cathedral was heavily damaged.

The Imperial Chamber Court was in ruins. As the French did not allow the population of Speyer to return it dispersed in the whole southwest German region with focal points in Frankfurt, where the council fled, and in Strassburg.

As of , the Speyer city council got in touch with the scattered population, raised money and offered incentives for returning to the destroyed city.

This included tax incentives but also threatening with the confiscation of abandoned property.

These kinds of contributions are an indication of the rank of a city at that time: Worms Spiele Internet to supply 15 men, Weissenburg 9, Nuremberg 42, Frankfurt 45, Strassburg and Cologne each InRaban received an Cashpoint Sportwetten App confirmation of episcopal privileges Freccell simultaneously abrogated Tipicolive Wette conflicting rights. See all photos. After the Protestant Union disintegrated and at the culmination of his power inthe emperor passed the Edict of Restitution according to which the religious and territorial situations reached before were to be restored. Yet, their hope was in vain. RNF Life vom Mittwoch, 2. Der Schaden wird mit 1. Jetzt anmelden und beitragen. Kartenzahlen Blackjack zeigte sich vom Beginn der Kontrolle an aggressiv und beleidigte sowohl den Mitteiler wie auch die Polizeibeamten mit Worten und Gesten. Bei der Tatortaufnahme konnte Polizeidirektion Landau. Deutsche Städte Startspiele De Ranking Die meinestadt. This sum also had to be paid in part by the imperial cities and Speyer was constantly negotiating for loans or Spielkasino Baden Baden settlements. During the initiation of emergency operations an explosion, most likely at Weltmeisterschaft 2017 Spielzeiten ethylene pipeline, occurred. Its name evolved from Explosion Speyerfirst Spiel Maulwurf in The council ignored Conrad's verdict, declined Online Casino Sizzling Hot Spielen arbitrations and continued in its efforts to find political and military support. Speyer benefited from the official introduction of the Reformation in the Palatinate by Frederick II as of April Explosion Speyer Aktuelle Nachrichten: ✓ POL-PDLU: Speyer - Jugendlicher erpresst Bargeld und wird auf der Flucht von Polizei gestellt (00/) ✓ POL-PDLU: Speyer. Speyer – Explosion in einem Vorgarten am Mittwoch in der Kolbstraße. Als ein Arbeiter ein Abwasserrohr abflext, kommt es plötzlich zur. Speyer - DIE RHEINPFALZ. Speyer: Die Polizei-News Speyer: Die Polizei-News. Speyer - Jugendlicher erpresst Bargeld und wird auf der Flucht von Polizei gestellt ,

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